文章目录
  1. 1. 环境
  2. 2. 安装
  3. 3. 启动
  4. 4. 操作命令
  5. 5. 停止
  6. 6. 其他

nginx 安装与启动

环境

mac 系统

安装

homebrew 安装即可

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brew install nginx

说明:
/usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf (配置文件路径)

/usr/local/var/www (服务器默认路径)

/usr/local/Cellar/nginx/(安装路径)

启动

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# 带配置启动
/usr/local/Cellar/nginx/1.17.0/bin/nginx -c /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf
# 或者直接 启动
nginx
# 查看进程id
ps -ef|grep nginx
# 浏览器访问
http://localhost:8080/

操作命令

启动之后 可以 用 nginx -s signal来进行操作,其中signal可以使用以下一些指令:

  • stop — fast shutdown
  • quit — graceful shutdown
  • reload — reloading the configuration file
  • reopen — reopening the log files

停止

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# 用 ps 命令查看进程id,然后使用kill命令
# 优雅退出
kill -2 id
# 或者
nginx -s quit
# 直接退出,强制结束
kill -9 id

其他

nginx.conf默认配置文件内容

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#user nobody;
worker_processes 1;

#error_log logs/error.log;
#error_log logs/error.log notice;
#error_log logs/error.log info;

#pid logs/nginx.pid;


events {
worker_connections 1024;
}


http {
include mime.types;
default_type application/octet-stream;

#log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
# '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
# '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

#access_log logs/access.log main;

sendfile on;
#tcp_nopush on;

#keepalive_timeout 0;
keepalive_timeout 65;

#gzip on;

server {
listen 8080;
server_name localhost;

#charset koi8-r;

#access_log logs/host.access.log main;

location / {
root html;
index index.html index.htm;
}

#error_page 404 /404.html;

# redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
#
error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
location = /50x.html {
root html;
}

# proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
#
#location ~ \.php$ {
# proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1;
#}

# pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
#
#location ~ \.php$ {
# root html;
# fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
# fastcgi_index index.php;
# fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
# include fastcgi_params;
#}

# deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
# concurs with nginx's one
#
#location ~ /\.ht {
# deny all;
#}
}


# another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration
#
#server {
# listen 8000;
# listen somename:8080;
# server_name somename alias another.alias;

# location / {
# root html;
# index index.html index.htm;
# }
#}


# HTTPS server
#
#server {
# listen 443 ssl;
# server_name localhost;

# ssl_certificate cert.pem;
# ssl_certificate_key cert.key;

# ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:1m;
# ssl_session_timeout 5m;

# ssl_ciphers HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
# ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;

# location / {
# root html;
# index index.html index.htm;
# }
#}
include servers/*;
}

文章目录
  1. 1. 环境
  2. 2. 安装
  3. 3. 启动
  4. 4. 操作命令
  5. 5. 停止
  6. 6. 其他
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